Bernstein, Eduard

(1850-1932)
As the leading revisionist thinker of the German Social Democratic Party, Bernstein sought to cleanse the party's ideology of what he regarded as its anachronistic Marxist assumptions and ideas. At the philosophical level and on the basis of a newly assertive neo-Kantianism , he rejected the positivism and evolutionism , as well as the residual Hegelianism that he detected in orthodox Marxism . Consequently, at the political level he challenged the immiseration and proletarianization theses as applied to capitalist societies, as well as the amorality, fatalism, and pessimism that underpinned them. For Bernstein, then, socialism represented not just a distant goal, but also an ethical ideal that possessed far more than mere inspirational significance in the present. In sum, despite his often misread statement ‘the movement is everything, the goal nothing’, Bernstein came to stand for a socialist gradualism that should be distinguished from mere reformism (see’s book about ‘Bernstein's challenge to Marx’, The Dilemma of Democratic Socialism, 1952). See also Kautsky, Karl.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • BERNSTEIN, EDUARD — (1850–1932), German socialist theoretician, spokesman for the socalled revisionist group which challenged orthodox Marxist doctrines. Born in Berlin, Bernstein was the son of a Jewish engine driver. He joined the Social Democratic Party in 1872… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bernstein, Eduard — born Jan. 6, 1850, Berlin, Prussia died Dec. 18, 1932, Berlin, Germany German politician and writer. He joined the German Social Democratic Party in 1872, then spent years in exile as an editor of socialist journals. In London he met Friedrich… …   Universalium

  • Bernstein, Eduard — (1850–1932)    Bernstein is one of the most significant Marxists in terms of his political and theoretical contributions to Marxism, and in terms of his lasting influence. He has been both condemned and lauded as a “revisionist,” and was bold… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Bernstein, Eduard — ► (1850 1932) Político y escritor alemán. Jefe del Partido Socialista, sometió las doctrinas marxistas a una profunda crítica. * * * (6 ene. 1850, Berlín, Prusia–18 dic. 1932, Berlín, Alemania). Político y escritor alemán. Se unió al Partido… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernstein, Eduard — (1850 1932)    German propagandist. Born in Berlin, he joined the Marxist wing of the labour movement in 1872. He later left Germany for Switzerland and became editor of Der Sozialdemokrat in 1881. In 1888 he was expelled from the country, and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Bernstein, Eduard —    See Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany and Social Democratic Party of Germany …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Bernstein — Bernstein, Eduard …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Eduard Bernstein — 1895 Eduard Bernstein (* 6. Januar 1850 in Schöneberg b. Berlin; † 18. Dezember 1932 ebenda) war ein sozialdemokratischer Theoretiker und Politiker in der SPD und zeitweilig der USPD. Er gilt als Begründer des theoretischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eduard Heinrich Rudolph David — Eduard David (1907) Eduard Heinrich Rudolph David (* 11. Juni 1863 in Ediger an der Mosel; † 24. Dezember 1930 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Politiker der Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutschlands (SPD). David stand seit den 1890er Jahren auf de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eduard Bernstein — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eduard Bernstein (*Berlín, 6 de enero de 1850 18 de diciembre de 1932) fue un político alemán del SPD, considerado padre del revisionismo y uno de los principales fundadores de la socialdemocracia. Era descendiente… …   Wikipedia Español

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